A blackhead is something that many people will have to deal with, especially if they are prone to acne. These are caused by a build up of bacteria and dead skin cells that become trapped inside the pores with sebum, which is the natural oil of the skin. This leads to an infection that clogs the pore. In larger pores, there will not be enough skin that forms over the infection, which exposes it to air and oxidizes it to turn black. This is why the blackhead looks black on the surface.
An overabundance of hormones like those found in puberty and in pregnancy, along with the monthly cycles, can lead to more oil production than the skin needs to keep it moisturized. The pores will become blocked and there is no way for the natural flow to make it to the surface. The oil then backs up and mixes with dead skin that cannot be shed in the normal manner.
The best way for preventing blackheads is taking an active role in prevention. Reducing oil that is produced in your skin can help. Your skin needs to be kept clean to reduce the formation of blackheads, but you need to be sure that you do not scrub it with too much vigor. Skin cleansing products may be too harsh on facial skin, so if you notice that you skin dries or flakes, you need to find another cleanser to use. Think about going with a cleanser that is able to keep your face clean and fresh, but free from irritation.
Try not to over scrub your face, and think about going with a product that can help to restore the regular flow from the pores while working to improve the shape of the pore lining. Good products can reduce excess oil and then absorb what is already there. They can remove the dead skin build up that may not be normally shed by the skin.
A lot of products do not work quite like they claim they should, which is why you need to take the time to research or even try samples until you find one that works for you. It is a matter of being able to keep the excess oil from building up on the skin so that the clogging does not have time to take place. Sometimes, all it takes is a gentle soap with warm water on your face over aggressive cleansers when you want to be able to keep your skin nice and clean, free of blackheads and troublesome acne.
Now that you know what blackheads are, here is a few tips on how to remove them. Read this article.